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Преподаватели и сотрудники

Тарасова Наталия Павловна

Тарасова Наталия Павловна

Занимаемые должности

Директор (Институт химии и проблем устойчивого развития)

Заведующий кафедрой (Кафедра ЮНЕСКО «Зелёная химия для устойчивого развития»)

Телефон

+7 499 973 24 19

E-mail

tarasnp@muctr.ru

Сайт https://muctr.ru
Уровень образования Высшее
Квалификация

Инженер химик-технолог, инженер математик

Преподаваемые дисциплины

Химические проблемы окружающей среды

Климат Земли и его изменения

Основные принципы системной динамики

Учёная степень

Доктор химических наук

Учёное звание Профессор
Наименование направления подготовки и (или) специальности

Радиационная химия

Данные о повышении квалификации и (или) профессиональной переподготовке

Удостоверение о повышении квалификации № 772404089784 от 21 мая 2016 года «Планетарные границы в концепции устойчивого развития» 36 ч ФГБОУ ВО РХТУ

Удостоверение о повышении квалификации № 798456 от 12 мая 2017 года «Новые педагогические технологии в электронном, дистанционном и смешанном обучении» 36 ч ФГБОУ ВО РХТУ

Общий стаж работы 46 лет (с 01.04.1972)
Стаж работы по специальности 46 лет (с 01.04.1972)

Публикации

Interaction of ionic liquids with sulfur / Н. П. Тарасова, А. А. Занин, Я. О. Межуев, Е. Г. Кривобородов // Doklady Chemistry. — 2019. — Vol. 484, no. 2. — P. 8–11. The interaction of tri-n-butylmethylphosphonium dimethyl phosphate and 1,3-dimethylimidazolium dimethyl phosphate with elemental sulfur in a benzene medium has been described. According to 13C and 17O NMR and high-resolution mass spectrometry, the chemical reaction involves only the dimethyl phosphate anion. The reaction mechanism and the reaction product composition have been proposed. [ DOI ]

Тарасова Н. П., Локтева Е. С. 7-я Международная конференция по зеленой химии // Безопасность в техносфере. — 2018. — № 1. — С. 3–5. В статье приводится информация о 7й Международной конференции ИЮПАК по зеленой химии (7th IUPAC International Conference on Green Chemistry). Статьи, написанные на основании докладов, представленных на конференции, вошли в специальный раздел текущего номера журнала Безопасность в техносфере. [ DOI ]

Analysis of the management system in the field of environmental protection of russian chemical companies / A. Makarova, N. Tarasova, V. Meshalkin et al. // International Journal for Quality Research. — 2018. — no. 12(1). — P. 43–62. Since 2007, many chemical industrial companies in the Russian Federation have been actively involved in the Responsible Care® international voluntary program. To implement this program, vast bodies of data on environmental impact assessments needs to be collected. This allows us to analyse the environment-oriented trends in economic and social activities, and to record the achievements and problems in this field. The collected large bodies of data are in many cases heterogeneous, since the report has been a voluntary initiative. To analyse the existing trends in business processes, authors applied the methodology for system analysis of large bodies of data and used their own heuristic approximation algorithm for the treatment of accumulated data. This algorithm gives us the unique possibility of evaluating the performance of both individual chemical companies in the framework of the Responsible Care® program and the Russian chemical industry as a whole. [ DOI ]

Makarova A., Shlyakhov P., Tarasova N. Estimating chemical footprint on high-resolution geospatial grid // Procedia CIRP. — 2018. — Vol. 69. — P. 469–474. We need models to make decisions regarding minimization of chemical impacts on the environment. These models must allow us to make estimations with a minimum amount of data. The USEtox is an example of such a model. However, the Russian Federation (as its districts and some regions) is large in area and contains a wide variety of topography and climatic features. As a result, estimations at the country, district, or region scales, on whole, might lead to incorrect administrative measures. Each administrative unit requires specific assessment and management decisions owing to the peculiarities of the state structure that take into account the above-mentioned features. In addition, there are many point sources causing significant chemical pollution (for example, chemical plants) in territories under consideration. These sources are often located a considerable distance from other sources. Considering all of the above, we developed an algorithm to calculate the coefficients of chemicals transported between the compartments of the environment on a geospatial grid. The algorithm is based on the UNEP-SETAC scientific consensus USEtox model and a geographic information system (GIS) that provides data of water flows and airflows. We describe the application of the algorithm to the study of Hg2+ transport between Federal Districts of the Russian Federation on a low-resolution grid and to the study of Al3+ transport in the Leningrad Region on a high-resolution 0.5o x 0.5o geospatial grid. [ DOI ]

Estimating chemical footprint: contamination with mercury and its compounds / N. Tarasova, A. Makarova, P. Fantke, P. Shlyakhov // Pure and Applied Chemistry. — 2018. — Vol. 90, no. 5. — P. 857–868. Chemical pollution is a problem of global importance. However, there are currently no agreed approaches for integrated environmental impact assessment (EIA) of chemical effects at global scale. We present a new systems-based approach to EIA of chemicals. Our methodology considers propagation of chemical pollutants in the environment, in conjunction with the approach followed in the Russian regulatory system. To estimate chemical footprints related to environmental contamination by potentially toxic substances, measured environmental concentrations were combined with results from the UNEP-SETAC scientific consensus model USEtox, which is recommended for and widely applied in life cycle impact assessment. Our approach was tested using the example of mercury, which has been shown to be a hazardous pollutant at regional and global scales. Results show that the main contribution to the overall chemical footprint of mercury and its compounds is related to releases into aqueous bodies from human activities. Estimations of Maximum Available Concentration overrun show that calculated and experimental data agree to a good extent, particularly for mercury contamination in freshwater bodies. Discrepancies between calculated and actual data are mainly due to extrapolated data used for model validation, averaged data applied to entire Russian Federation districts, the omission of industrial soil as a separate model compartment, and not accounting for cumulative damage from emissions in previous years. These aspects will inform future efforts to refine the methodology. The results of this study were presented to the Ministry of the Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation. It is planned to use these results as one basis for prioritizing action on sources of environmental mercury contamination and as a benchmark for minimizing such impacts. [ DOI ]

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