Преподаватели и сотрудники

Макарова Анна Сергеевна

Занимаемые должности

Доцент (Кафедра ЮНЕСКО «Зелёная химия для устойчивого развития»)

Телефон

8-499-978-95-62

Сайт https://muctr.ru
Уровень образования Высшее
Квалификация

Инженер химик-технолог

Преподаваемые дисциплины

Планетарные границы

Основы экологического нормирования

Жизненный цикл продукции и зеленые стандарты

Экологический менеджмент

Учёная степень

Кандидат технических наук

Наименование направления подготовки и (или) специальности

Основные процессы химических производств и химическая кибернетика

Данные о повышении квалификации и (или) профессиональной переподготовке

Удостоверение о повышении квалификации № 771801775358 от 31 мая 2018 года «Информационные технологии в дистанционном, сетевом и смешенном обучении» 16 ч ФГБОУ ВО РХТУ

Общий стаж работы 17 лет (с 01.01.2002)
Стаж работы по специальности 17 лет (с 01.01.2002)

Публикации

Elemental composition of human hair in different territories of the crimean peninsula / E. Elena, B. Nataliya, B. Anna et al. // 16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference). — Tomsk, Russia, 2019. — P. 1–5. Abstract The chemical homeostasis of humans has changed due to global and local anthropogenic impacts on biogeochemical cycles. Their degree is mediated by natural geochemical character of local environments. The elemental composition of human hair and quantitative relation between elements is summary characteristic of biogeochemical environmental conditions. To determine the biogeochemical situation 78 inhabitants from different geographic regions across the Crimean peninsula, cities and rural areas were investigated through the analysis of 28 elements by neutron activation analysis and determination of mercury by atomic absorption spectroscopy. High variety of elemental composition in inhabitants’ hair on different types of territories in the Crimean peninsula was revealed. Comparison with different territories of Russian Federation and Belarus shows both common and specific features. On most part of Russian and the Crimean territories a deficiency of essential elements (Zn, Cu) in human hair is characteristic. At the same time there are significant differences in content of some essential elements (Ca, Fe) and other ones (Th, Ce, Au, U, Ag, Cs) even in the limited Crimean territory. It requires further investigation of factors, which determine the revealed variability. [ DOI ]

Environmental performance assessment of the chemical industries involved in the responsible care®program: Case study of the russian federation / A. S. Makarova, J. Xuexiu, E. B. Kruchina et al. // Journal of Cleaner Production. — 2019. — Vol. 222. — P. 971–985. The chemical industry is one of the typical sources of harmful pollutants and some of which are difficult to tackle. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are of great concern to the performance of chemical industries regarding environmental impacts, and one of the core programs is the global voluntary Responsible Care® Program (RCP), aiming to encourage the industries to voluntarily report environmental performance data. Due to the voluntary reporting system, the collected datasets are huge while often heterogeneous, which makes it difficult to analyse the performance and evaluate the difference before and after the launch of the program. Direct comparison of actual indicators may fail to provide an accurate estimation of the implementing efficiency of the RCP. In this study, an original algorithm is developed to analyse the environmental KPIs of chemical companies involved in the RCP, in order to investigate the efficiency of the program and provide insightful suggestions for further development of the data reporting, as well as to provide advice for the further application of the program. The results showed that most of the environmental impacts of the chemical industries in the RF, e.g. soil pollution and water pollution, has been decreasing after the launching of the program. However, for both the companies involved in the RCP and the entire chemical industrial sector of the RF chemical industry, the GHG emissions maintained an increase. A major insightful conclusion is more energy has been used for improving more direct environmental impact, while the attention for impacts with longer harm potential, e.g. GHG emissions, has been shifted. Further policies and regulations should be targeted at the impact of the chemical industry on climate change, and new technologies should be encouraged to improve the efficiency of energy use and thus decrease GHG emissions. [ DOI ]

Analysis of the management system in the field of environmental protection of russian chemical companies / A. Makarova, N. Tarasova, V. Meshalkin et al. // International Journal for Quality Research. — 2018. — no. 12(1). — P. 43–62. Since 2007, many chemical industrial companies in the Russian Federation have been actively involved in the Responsible Care® international voluntary program. To implement this program, vast bodies of data on environmental impact assessments needs to be collected. This allows us to analyse the environment-oriented trends in economic and social activities, and to record the achievements and problems in this field. The collected large bodies of data are in many cases heterogeneous, since the report has been a voluntary initiative. To analyse the existing trends in business processes, authors applied the methodology for system analysis of large bodies of data and used their own heuristic approximation algorithm for the treatment of accumulated data. This algorithm gives us the unique possibility of evaluating the performance of both individual chemical companies in the framework of the Responsible Care® program and the Russian chemical industry as a whole. [ DOI ]

Makarova A., Shlyakhov P., Tarasova N. Estimating chemical footprint on high-resolution geospatial grid // Procedia CIRP. — 2018. — Vol. 69. — P. 469–474. We need models to make decisions regarding minimization of chemical impacts on the environment. These models must allow us to make estimations with a minimum amount of data. The USEtox is an example of such a model. However, the Russian Federation (as its districts and some regions) is large in area and contains a wide variety of topography and climatic features. As a result, estimations at the country, district, or region scales, on whole, might lead to incorrect administrative measures. Each administrative unit requires specific assessment and management decisions owing to the peculiarities of the state structure that take into account the above-mentioned features. In addition, there are many point sources causing significant chemical pollution (for example, chemical plants) in territories under consideration. These sources are often located a considerable distance from other sources. Considering all of the above, we developed an algorithm to calculate the coefficients of chemicals transported between the compartments of the environment on a geospatial grid. The algorithm is based on the UNEP-SETAC scientific consensus USEtox model and a geographic information system (GIS) that provides data of water flows and airflows. We describe the application of the algorithm to the study of Hg2+ transport between Federal Districts of the Russian Federation on a low-resolution grid and to the study of Al3+ transport in the Leningrad Region on a high-resolution 0.5o x 0.5o geospatial grid. [ DOI ]

Estimating chemical footprint: contamination with mercury and its compounds / N. Tarasova, A. Makarova, P. Fantke, P. Shlyakhov // Pure and Applied Chemistry. — 2018. — Vol. 90, no. 5. — P. 857–868. Chemical pollution is a problem of global importance. However, there are currently no agreed approaches for integrated environmental impact assessment (EIA) of chemical effects at global scale. We present a new systems-based approach to EIA of chemicals. Our methodology considers propagation of chemical pollutants in the environment, in conjunction with the approach followed in the Russian regulatory system. To estimate chemical footprints related to environmental contamination by potentially toxic substances, measured environmental concentrations were combined with results from the UNEP-SETAC scientific consensus model USEtox, which is recommended for and widely applied in life cycle impact assessment. Our approach was tested using the example of mercury, which has been shown to be a hazardous pollutant at regional and global scales. Results show that the main contribution to the overall chemical footprint of mercury and its compounds is related to releases into aqueous bodies from human activities. Estimations of Maximum Available Concentration overrun show that calculated and experimental data agree to a good extent, particularly for mercury contamination in freshwater bodies. Discrepancies between calculated and actual data are mainly due to extrapolated data used for model validation, averaged data applied to entire Russian Federation districts, the omission of industrial soil as a separate model compartment, and not accounting for cumulative damage from emissions in previous years. These aspects will inform future efforts to refine the methodology. The results of this study were presented to the Ministry of the Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation. It is planned to use these results as one basis for prioritizing action on sources of environmental mercury contamination and as a benchmark for minimizing such impacts. [ DOI ]

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